Boost for E-motors
Plymouth, Michigan – Freudenberg Sealing Technologies has developed a portfolio of advanced thermoplastic compounds for e-motor applications that provide these alternate powertrains with greater thermal conductivity and better electrically insulating properties. These new thermally conductive, electrically insulating (TCEI) grades are especially important in the production of bobbins for e-motors. Bobbins molded from the new materials can be thinner, leaving more room for copper wiring which generates higher power densities in the motors.
Plastics are often used in electric components and systems. For such applications, specifications and requirements such as mechanical properties, temperature capabilities and thermal conductivity are considered in the material selection. In addition, the material must provide good electrical resistance to isolate the system for safety reasons.
In general, plastics offer good electrical resistance but are poor conductors of heat compared to metals. Losses in electric motors due to windage, friction, iron, and winding, for example, manifest as undesirable heat build-up that raises the temperature inside the motor. As a result, the optimal material would offer both high thermal conductivity and good electrical isolation to optimize motor performance. But such a material did not exist – until now.
“We saw the need for an enhanced material solution and, given Freudenberg’s polymer material expertise, set out to develop a new family of materials that directly addressed the challenges created in an e-motor environment,” said Ray Szparagowski, Engineering Fellow, High Performance Plastics at Freudenberg Sealing Technologies. “The multiple new grades of TCEI materials that we have developed outperform what’s currently available today.”
In developing the materials, Freudenberg Sealing Technologies focused on engineering polymers used as bobbins or slot liners. Primarily used to provide insulation in the slot between the motor winding and the magnetic plate, bobbins also act as container for stator windings, help retain shape, provide rigidity, offer ease of assembly of the windings onto the stator core, and help protect the windings from damage and vibration during assembly and operation.
Engineered plastics are heavily influenced by filler reinforcements. Although unfilled polymers typically have a thermal conductivity of ~0.2W/m/K, the appropriate choice of fillers can increase this value many-fold. Szparagowski and a team of material experts have successfully developed several material grades that enable Freudenberg to offer a customized solution that can be matched to specific application requirements. Each grade offers a unique blend of material characteristics (tensile strength and elongation properties) and physical attributes (electrical and thermal properties) achieved by adjusting the filler. The higher level of filler used in new TCEI grades result in a stiff material that can be molded in thin cross-sections. Thinner designs that use less material are now possible. And extensive material testing confirms their superior thermally conductive and electrically isolating properties.